Welcome to our expert guide on maintaining hardwood floors in Australian homes. Hardwood floors can add natural warmth and beauty to any space, but it’s important to know how to care for them properly to keep them looking their best. In this section, we will provide you with expert advice on hardwood floor care, maintenance, cleaning techniques, and tips on protecting and caring for your hardwood floors.

Key Takeaways

  • Regular cleaning and maintenance practices are essential for maintaining the beauty and longevity of hardwood floors.
  • It’s important to understand the different types of hardwood floors available and the various finishes that can be applied.
  • Protecting hardwood floors from scratches, water damage, and furniture is crucial to maintaining their quality.
  • When dealing with stubborn stains and spills, it’s important to use the right cleaning techniques and products to avoid causing further damage.
  • By following our expert tips, you can keep your hardwood floors looking their best for years to come.

Understanding Hardwood Floor Types and Finishes

When it comes to hardwood floors, there are various types available in the Australian market. The most common types include:

  1. Engineered hardwood flooring: This type of flooring is made up of layers of plywood and hardwood veneer. It is more affordable than solid hardwood flooring and is also more resistant to moisture.
  2. Solid hardwood flooring: This flooring is made entirely of hardwood and is available in a variety of species such as oak, maple, and cherry. It is more expensive than engineered hardwood flooring but adds more value to your property.
  3. Bamboo flooring: This type of flooring is made from bamboo grass and is eco-friendly. It is also durable and has a unique appearance.

Along with the different types of hardwood floors, there are also various finishes that can be applied to protect and enhance the appearance of the floor. Some of the most common hardwood floor finishes are:

  • Polyurethane: This finish is durable and provides a glossy appearance to the floor. It is suitable for high traffic areas of the house.
  • Oil-based: This finish gives the floor a natural, matte look. It is ideal for homes with a rustic or traditional theme.
  • Water-based: This finish is eco-friendly, dries quickly and has low odor. It is ideal for homes with pets and kids.

Choosing the Right Finish for Hardwood Floors

Choosing the right finish for your hardwood floors is crucial as it can affect the appearance and functionality of the floor. Some factors to consider when selecting the finish include:

“The type of room the floor will be installed in, the level of foot traffic, and the overall style of the home.”

For high traffic areas such as hallways and living rooms, a durable finish such as polyurethane is recommended. For bedrooms or areas with low foot traffic, a matte finish like oil-based is ideal. It is also essential to consider the style of your home and select a finish that complements the overall look of the house.

Regular Cleaning and Maintenance Practices

Regular hardwood floor cleaning and daily maintenance are essential to keep your floors looking their best. By following these simple steps, you can ensure your hardwood floors remain in top condition:

  • Sweeping hardwood floors daily with a soft-bristled broom or dust mop to remove dirt and dust particles that can cause scratches.
  • Using a vacuum cleaner with a hardwood floor attachment to effectively remove dirt from hard-to-reach areas.
  • Mopping hardwood floors with a damp mop and a hardwood floor cleaner or a homemade solution of white vinegar and warm water. Avoid using excessive water which can damage hardwood floors.

By following these regular cleaning and maintenance practices, you can prevent scratches, dents, and other damage to your hardwood floors.

Preventing Damage to Hardwood Floors

While hardwood floors are durable and long-lasting, they are not completely immune to damage. Taking a few simple precautions can go a long way in protecting your floors from scratches, water damage, and other types of wear and tear. Here are some expert tips on preventing damage to hardwood floors:

Protecting Hardwood Floors from Furniture

Furniture can be a major source of damage to your hardwood floors. One of the easiest ways to prevent scratches and scuffs is to use furniture pads or felt protectors on the legs of your chairs, tables, and other items. These pads can be found in most hardware stores and are easy to install with adhesive backing. Another useful tip is to avoid dragging heavy furniture across your hardwood floors, as this can cause deep scratches that are difficult to repair.

Avoiding Water Damage to Hardwood Floors

Water is one of the biggest enemies of hardwood floors. Any spills should be cleaned up immediately using a soft, absorbent cloth to prevent the water from seeping into the wood and causing damage. Avoid using excess water when mopping and always make sure to thoroughly wring out your mop to prevent water from pooling on your floors. It’s also a good idea to place waterproof mats under any potted plants or vases to prevent water from seeping onto your floors.

Using Floor Mats to Protect Hardwood Floors

Another effective way to prevent damage to your hardwood floors is to strategically place floor mats throughout your home. Place a mat at each entrance to catch dirt and debris before it can be tracked onto your hardwood floors. You can also place mats in high-traffic areas or under your children’s play areas to protect against scratches and scuffs. Be sure to choose low-pile mats with rubber or non-slip backing to prevent slipping and tripping hazards.


By following these simple tips, you can enjoy the natural beauty and warmth of your hardwood floors for years to come. Remember to protect against scratches and water damage, use felt protectors on furniture, and strategically place floor mats throughout your home. With just a little bit of extra care and attention, your hardwood floors can continue to shine and impress guests for years to come.

Dealing with Stubborn Stains and Spills

Accidents happen, and when they do, it’s important to act quickly to avoid permanent damage to your hardwood floors. Here are some expert tips for tackling stubborn stains and spills:

Removing Stains from Hardwood Floors

When it comes to removing stains from hardwood floors, it’s crucial to identify the type of stain and use the appropriate cleaning method. Here are some common types of stains and how to remove them:

Stain Type Cleaning Method
Oil-based stains (e.g. grease, butter, cooking oil) Apply a paste of baking soda and water, let sit for 5-10 minutes, then wipe clean with a damp cloth.
Water-based stains (e.g. coffee, tea, juice, wine) Mix equal parts white vinegar and water, apply to the stain with a soft cloth, then wipe clean with a damp cloth.
Pet stains (e.g. urine) Blot up the moisture with a paper towel, then mix white vinegar and water in equal parts and apply to the stain. Let sit for 5-10 minutes, then wipe clean with a damp cloth. Repeat as necessary.

Cleaning Spills on Hardwood Floors

When spills happen, it’s important to clean them up as quickly as possible to prevent damage to your hardwood floors. Follow these steps:

  1. Blot up the spill with a clean, dry cloth or paper towel.
  2. Use a damp cloth to wipe up any remaining residue.
  3. Dry the area thoroughly with a clean, dry cloth to prevent water damage.

Treating Pet Stains on Hardwood Floors

Pet stains can be particularly challenging to remove from hardwood floors. Here’s how to tackle them:

  1. Blot up as much of the urine as possible with paper towels.
  2. Mix equal parts water and white vinegar in a spray bottle and spray the affected area.
  3. Let the solution sit for a few minutes to penetrate the stain.
  4. Use a soft-bristled brush to gently scrub the stain, then wipe away the cleaning solution with a clean, damp cloth.
  5. Dry the area thoroughly with a clean, dry cloth.

By following these expert tips, you can effectively remove stains and spills from your hardwood floors without causing further damage. Remember, prevention is key, so be sure to clean up spills as soon as possible and address any issues promptly.


As we conclude our guide on maintaining hardwood floors in Australian homes, we hope that our expert tips and advice will be useful in keeping your floors looking their best. Remember to regularly clean and maintain your hardwood floors to prevent unnecessary wear and tear.

By understanding the different types of hardwood floors and finishes available, you can make informed decisions about the best approach to maintaining your floors. It’s also essential to take steps to prevent damage, such as avoiding scratches from furniture and protecting against water damage.

If spills or stains do occur, it’s crucial to act promptly to minimize damage. Our expert advice on removing stains and cleaning spills can help you address these issues effectively.

Ultimately, properly maintaining your hardwood floors is an investment in the long-term beauty and value of your home. By following the tips and techniques we’ve shared, you can enjoy the warmth and natural beauty that hardwood floors bring to your living spaces for many years to come.


What is the best way to maintain hardwood floors?

Regular sweeping and vacuuming, along with occasional mopping using a hardwood floor cleaner, is the best way to maintain hardwood floors. Avoid using excessive water or harsh cleaning chemicals that can damage the wood.

How often should I clean my hardwood floors?

It is recommended to sweep or vacuum hardwood floors at least once a week. Mopping can be done once every 1-2 months or as needed. However, high traffic areas may require more frequent cleaning.

How do I prevent scratches on my hardwood floors?

To prevent scratches, use furniture pads or felt protectors on the legs of furniture. Avoid dragging heavy objects across the floor and keep pets’ nails trimmed. Also, consider using rugs or mats in high-traffic areas.

Can I use a steam mop on my hardwood floors?

It is generally not recommended to use a steam mop on hardwood floors as the steam and heat can cause damage. Instead, stick to traditional mopping methods using a hardwood floor cleaner diluted in water.

How do I remove stubborn stains from my hardwood floors?

For stubborn stains, start by gently scrubbing the area with a soft cloth or sponge soaked in a mixture of warm water and mild dish soap. If the stain persists, you can try using a specialized hardwood floor cleaner or consult a professional.

How can I protect my hardwood floors from water damage?

Avoid excessive water on hardwood floors as it can cause warping and damage. Immediately clean up any spills or standing water using a dry cloth. Place mats or rugs near entryways and use coasters under potted plants to prevent water damage.

Can I use vinegar to clean my hardwood floors?

While vinegar is a natural cleaner, it is acidic and can damage the finish of hardwood floors over time. It is best to use a hardwood floor cleaner specifically formulated for wood surfaces.

How do I care for hardwood floors in high-traffic areas?

In high-traffic areas, consider using rugs or mats to protect the hardwood floors from excessive wear and tear. Regularly clean these areas and promptly address any spills or stains to prevent damage.